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Next to running commands, you can also use the shell servers to access your files. There are several methods to do this, some graphical, some not. The former definitely are the easiest option to go for.
On the server, your files are located in
/home/group/username/. For a normal user with username
username/ this will be
/home/user/username/, for an organisation with username
organisation/ this will be
Linux normally gives you the option to connect to a server graphically. On Ubuntu, in "Files", choose "Connect to server." using the following options:
If you are connecting for the first time, you will need to accept the identity of the server. Enter your username and password and connect, if necessary, unlock your keyring by entering your computer's password.
This will open up a file browser connected to the remote server. Here, you can create new files, delete files, upload files (by copying or dragging them in the file browser), download files (by copying or dragging them from the file browser), change file rights etc.
Windows doesn't support native remote file browsers, so you will have to download a program first. A good option is FileZilla, which is completely free. Download it, install it and run it.
Download the free and open source program Cyberduck
Follow the installations instructions and afterwards open Cyberduck in your Applications folder.
Click on 'Open Connection' in the left top corner.
Click on 'Connect' and you're done.
By dragging and dropping you can manipulate files from and to your Mac.
If you want to connect again later on, you can just click the Bookmarks icon on the top left. Next you click on History. And then you can double click to re-open the connection.
To transfer a file or folder, you can drag and drop it, either from the local side to the remote side, or from the remote side to the local side. These operations represent uploading and downloading respectively.
As you can see, the menu has some more interesting options, for example 'rename' or 'view/edit'.
You can also use a terminal (on Linux) or Putty (on Windows) to access your files. Connect to the server as described above, and use commands as
chmod to manage your files.
You can also use
scp (secure copy) to copy files from and to the servers (don't use
ssh first). For example, to copy a file called
file.txt to your home dir on the server, use (with
username your username and
/home/user/username your home dir as described above):
scp file.txt firstname.lastname@example.org:/home/user/username
For other examples and more info, see http://www.hypexr.org/linux_scp_help.php.