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= PHP moving from 5.
= PHP moving from 5.to .=
On the new webservers, the PHP version is
On the new webservers, the PHP version is ., whereas on the old webserver, this was 5..
On the php.net website, there are lists of the most important changes [http://
On the php.net website, there are lists of the most important changes [http://php.net/manual/en/.php from 5.to 5.],
and [http://php.net/manual/en/.php from 5.to .].
= mod_php to PHP-FPM =
= mod_php to PHP-FPM =
This page lists the changes to the webservers of ULYSSIS in the summer of 2015, and how you can prepare for it. If any of these instructions are not clear to you, or if you have some more questions about the change, don't hesitate to e-mail us at email@example.com.
The exact date will still be announced, but are currently planned for the last weekend of July: there will be a downtime on July 25 and 26 when we upgrade all of our servers. After that, we will use the new webserver configuration.
Our new webservers can be directly accessed at the IP address
126.96.36.199. You can see if your site still works on the new servers by changing your hosts file.
On Windows: if Windows is installed in
C:\Windows (the default), this will be
On Mac OS X:
If your website is at
username.studentenweb.org, then you can test if it works by adding the following line to your hosts file:
188.8.131.52 username.ulyssis.be username.studentenweb.org
Make sure that you remove these changes when you're done testing.
If any issues crop up, you can check the logs at
username is your username) for hints on what went wrong. Don't worry if you don't find your username listed in the directory
/var/log/new_apache_user, it will appear automatically when you enter it. If you found a problem that you can't fix yourself, please do
e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org. We'd like the transfer to go smoothly for all of our users.
The most important changes are the following, click on them or scroll down for more info:
If you stuck to best practices when working with PHP, and if you have kept everything up to date, your website will in most cases just work.
On the new webservers, the PHP version is 7.0, whereas on the old webserver, this was 5.5.
If you use an old version of TYPO3, this will stop working, because it explicitly checks for how PHP is provided, but doesn't know about PHP-FPM. Make sure you update to a recent, supported, version.
php_flag instructions in
.htaccess files are normally only available when using
mod_php, but we use the
htscanner module so that these are still supported, so don't worry about those: they shouldn't break.
With PHP-FPM, you can make your PHP code more secure. After the switch you can make the following changes.
PHP code used to be executed using
mod_php, and run as the
www-data user. This will now change: PHP code will run using PHP-FPM and as your ULYSSIS user. This is an opportunity to tighten up your website's security: the user
www-data no longer needs to be able to read
.php files, it only needs to know that these files exist. This means that any PHP files have to be only readable by you. This also means that in order to be able to create files inside of a directory, that directory only has to be writeable by you.
Suppose you have a file called
config.php, containing login information for your database. To secure this information, you can make it readable and writeable by only you, and nobody else using
chmod 600 config.php. In FileZilla, you can do this by right-clicking on the config file, clicking on "File permissions...", and changing the permissions according to the following screenshots:
Also, if there are directories that you made writeable by others, e.g. an uploads folder, this is no longer necessary. If this directory is called
uploads, you can remove write rights for others with
chmod go-w uploads. In FileZilla, you can do this by right-clicking on the config file, clicking on "File permissions...", and changing the permissions according to the following screenshots:
As noted earlier, PHP is now executed as your user instead of
www-data. This also has the effect that by default email sent using the mail() function will come from
email@example.com (where username is your username) instead of
firstname.lastname@example.org. This also means that all bounces caused by emailing to an non-existing or unavailable address will now arrive in your ULYSSIS account.
Notably, the old
Allow directives are removed. However, we use the
mod_access_compat module to continue to provide these directives. You are however encouraged to switch to the new auth directives. Consult the Apache documentation for more information.
To faculty organisations: If your website uses the Centrale KULeuven Login, you will have to add
ShibDisable Off to your
.htaccess file. We have to disable Shibboleth by default, because it inferferes with regular file-based basic authentication.